Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2021


There have been no material changes to the significant accounting policies included in the audited consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 and for the years then ended, which were included the Annual Report filed on Form 10-K on March 30, 2021, except as disclosed in this note.

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue under ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“ASC 606”). The Company determines revenue recognition through the following steps:

Identification of a contract with a customer;
Identification of the performance obligations in the contract;
Determination of the transaction price;
Allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and
Recognition of revenue when or as the performance obligations are satisfied.

The Company maintains a contract with each customer and supplier, which specify the terms of the relationship and potential access to the Company’s platform. The Company provides a service to its customers (the buy-side ad networks who work for advertisers) by connecting advertisers and publishers. For this service, the Company earns a percentage of the amount that is paid by the advertiser, who wants to run a digital advertising campaign, which, in some cases, is reduced by the amount paid to the publisher, who wants to sell its ad space to the advertiser.

The transaction price is determined based on the consideration to which it expects to be entitled, including the impact of any implicit price concessions over the course of the contract. The Company’s performance obligation is to facilitate the publication of advertisements. The performance obligation is satisfied at the point in time that the ad is placed. Subsequent to a bid being won, the associated fees are generally not subject to refund or adjustment. Historically, any refunds and adjustments have not been material. The revenue recognized is the amount the Company is responsible to collect from the customer related to the placement of an ad (the “Gross Billing”), less the amount the Company remits to the supplier for the ad space (the “Supplier Cost”), if any. The determination of whether the Company is the principal or agent, and hence whether to report revenue on a gross basis equal to the Gross Billing or on a net basis for the difference between the Gross Billing and Supplier Cost, requires judgment. The Company acts as an agent in arranging via its platform for the specified good (the ad space) to be purchased by the advertiser, as it does not control the goods or services being transferred to the end customer, it does not take responsibility for the quality or acceptability of the ad space, it does not bear inventory risk, nor does it have discretion in establishing price of the ad space. As a result, the Company recognizes revenue on a net basis for the difference between the Gross Billing and the Supplier Cost. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, no revenue was recognized from performance obligations satisfied (or partially satisfied) in previous periods.

The Company invoices customers on a monthly basis for the amount of Gross Billings in the relevant period. Invoice payment terms, negotiated on a customer-by- customer basis, are typically between 45 to 90 days. However, for certain agency customers with sequential liability terms as specified by the Interactive Advertising Bureau, (i) payments are not due to the Company until such agency customers has received payment from its customers (ii) the Company is not required to make a payment to its supplier until payment is received from the Company’s customer and (iii) the supplier is responsible to pursue collection directly with the advertiser. As a result, once the Company has met the requirements of each of the five steps under ASC 606, the Company’s accounts receivable are recorded at the amount of Gross Billings which represent amounts it is responsible to collect and accounts payable, if applicable, are recorded at the amount payable to suppliers. In the event step 1 under ASC 606 is not met, the Company does not record either the accounts receivable or accounts payable. Accordingly, both accounts receivable and accounts payable appear large in relation to revenue reported on a net basis.

During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recognized revenue in connection with contracts to scan a customers’ first-party anonymized data with Kubient Artificial Intelligence (“KAI”). Upon completion of the scan, the Company delivered a report to the customer, which is the point in time the Company satisfied the performance obligation. The Company acts as the principal for these contracts, as it is primarily responsible for fulfilling the promise to provide the services and has discretion in establishing the price of service. As a result, the Company recognizes revenue on a gross basis. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recognized aggregate revenue of $0 and $1,300,338, respectively, in connection with the contracts.

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company did not have any contract assets from contracts with customers. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had $15,000 of contract liabilities where performance obligations have not yet been satisfied. The Company expects to satisfy its remaining performance obligations and recognize the revenue within the next twelve months. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, there was no revenue was recognized from performance obligations satisfied (or partially satisfied) in previous periods.

Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are comprised of costs to acquire a customer list as well as costs to acquire and develop computer software, including (i) the costs to acquire third-party data which is used to improve the Company’s artificial intelligence platform for client use as well as (ii) the costs to acquire third-party software as well as the related source code. The intangible assets have estimated useful lives of two years for the computer software, five years for the capitalized data and seven years for the customer list. Once placed into service, the Company amortizes the cost of the intangible assets over their estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis.

Net Loss Per Common Share

Basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common and dilutive common-equivalent shares outstanding during each period. Dilutive common-equivalent shares consist of shares of options, warrants and convertible notes, if not anti-dilutive.

The following shares were excluded from the calculation of weighted average dilutive common shares because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive:


For the Three and Six Months Ended

June 30, 





Stock options










Convertible notes









[1] Includes shares underlying warrants that are exercisable into an aggregate of (i) 368,711 shares of common stock and (ii) five-year warrants to purchase 368,711 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $5.50 per share.

[2] Excludes shares issuable upon conversion of the Senior and Junior Notes, which were not convertible as of June 30, 2020 and whose conversion price was not known as of such date. Subsequent to June 30, 2020, an aggregate of 1,555,314 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 1,461,091 shares of common stock were issued as a result of the conversion of convertible notes outstanding as of June 30, 2020.


Certain prior period income statement amounts have been reclassified to conform to the Company’s fiscal 2021 presentation. These reclassifications have no impact on the Company’s previously reported net loss.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

On May 3, 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued ASU 2021-04, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Debt—Modifications and Extinguishments (Subtopic 470-50), Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718), and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Issuer’s Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges of Freestanding Equity-Classified Written Call Options. This new standard provides clarification and reduces diversity in an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options (such as warrants) that remain equity classified after modification or exchange. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Issuers should apply the new standard prospectively to modifications or exchanges occurring after the effective date of the new standard. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. If an issuer elects to early adopt the new standard in an interim period, the guidance should be applied as of the beginning of the fiscal year that includes that interim period. The Company is evaluating the impact of this new standard on the company’s financial statements and disclosures.